EXTREME TEMPERATURES - SUMMER
During a Heat Wave
- Slow down. Avoid strenuous activity. If you must do strenuous activity, do it during the coolest part of the day,
which is usually in the morning between 4:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m. Use the buddy system when working in extreme heat.
Take frequent breaks.
- Drink plenty of fluids even if you do not feel thirsty. Drink plenty of water regularly and often. Your body
needs water to keep cool. Water is the safest liquid to drink during heat emergencies. Avoid drinks with alcohol or
caffeine in them. They can make you feel good briefly, but make the heat's effects on your body worse. This is especially
true about beer, which dehydrates the body.
- Stay indoors as much as possible. If air conditioning is not available, stay on the lowest floor, out of the
sunshine. Try to go to a public building with air conditioning each day for several hours.
- Remember, electric fans do not cool the air, but they do help sweat evaporate, which cools your body.
- Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing. Light colors will reflect away some of the sun's energy.
- Use adequate amounts of sunscreen with recommended SPF.
- Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
- Eat small meals and eat more often. Avoid foods that are high in protein, which increase metabolic heat.
- Avoid using salt tablets unless directed to do so by a physician.
- Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
- Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
For Your Information
- Heat Wave - Period of extreme heat, usually accompanied by high humidity.
- Heat Index - The relative humidity added to the air temperature (how hot it feels).
- Heat Cramps - Muscle pains due to extertion, the first sign of heat-related problems.
- Heat Exhaustion - A mild form of shock brought on by strenuous activity in the heat.
- Heat Stroke - A life-threatening condition occurring when the body's temperature control system shuts down. Brain damage or death
can result if the body is not cooled at once.
For help using this system, email me at: